Few months ago while I was putting bandage on my 10 years old son’s knee wound, he scrapped his knee while riding his bike, he told me “Dad, did you know wound heals faster if you keep it open.” I am not sure where he got this information from but ever since then I wanted to write this article explaining about basic wound care method for both acute wounds as well as for chronic wounds. It is well known misconception that keeping the wound open helps it heal faster but that is not true because wound requires moisture to help facilitate the healing process. The moisture helps stimulate autolytic debridement and supports cell migration from normal surrounding skin. Also by keeping the wound covered we are preventing the wound from getting infected.
After any injury it is very important to clean wound with tap water to remove all the dirt and debris and to keep the wound covered with bandage. For deeper wounds it is important to see a health care provider as soon as possible in case if the wound requires stitches. If these kind of wounds are not attended in time healing period can get longer. Hand, head and neck are very complex parts of body and injury in these area can require immediate attention to prevent any further complications. As a parent giving mental and emotional support is as important as getting wound dressing.
A chronic wound is a wound that does not heal in an orderly set of stages and in a predictable amount of time the way most wounds do. These following conditions can cause wound to prolong healing
• Poor blood circulation caused by smoking and diabetes related arterial disease.
• Swelling in legs from vein disorders, lymphedema, and congestive heart failure.
• Uncontrolled diabetes.
• Chronic infection in the wound and/or bone.
• Pressure in the wound area.
• Certain medications and cancer can also cause delay in wound healing.