It’s no longer surprising to hear that many aspects of the pharmaceutical industry have been disrupted due to the far-reaching effects of COVID-19. Clinical trials are no exception, due to the myriad of moving parts it takes to conduct a clinical trial effectively. Hospital maintenance, doctor availability, and the willingness of patients to participate are areas impacted and if one of these factors is unreliable for whatever reason, a trial can be usurped and critically delayed.
We wanted to get an inside look at how clinical trials are running nowadays, so we invited Dr. Niaz Ausaf, the Principal Investigator of Auzmer Research in Lakeland, Florida to share some of his observations and insights.
Regarding his staff, Dr. Ausaf reported that in the spring everyone had to work remotely, and for a period of two weeks back in March his office was not permitted to see patients in the office. Now, approximately 80% of Dr. Ausaf’s staff are back in the labs resuming work.
Of the current workload in his office, Dr. Ausaf stated that “the flow of clinical trials is at the same ferocity as before.” Also, he notes that patient compliance in terms of completing diaries and attending onsite visits is close to 100%, reflecting the pre-pandemic rate.
A definitive change Dr. Ausaf has seen is the newly necessary budgeting for PPE, or personal protective equipment. He reported that his office now plans for six times the cost of PPE before COVID-19, and nearly all sponsors have been readily accommodating.
Another difference reflects the reluctance of some patients to leave their homes for unnecessary purposes, especially to spend time inside of a medical clinic. To be more accommodating towards patients, Dr. Ausaf sees the potential in new collaborations between sponsors and local pharmacies, allowing study subjects to pick up investigational product in a more convenient manner.
Of these collaborations, they are a new commonality offered for patients in clinical trials. A global survey conducted earlier this year by Medidata found that 45% of clinics and hospitals had transitioned near fully from in-person visits to virtual .
As Dr. Ausaf looks to the future of clinical trials, he sees plenty of opportunity for innovation that have been made obvious by the new necessities brought by COVID-19. For example, he believes that the “virtual trial” model is not something that will go away, but rather will take hold in the space. In fact, the same survey found that a third of respondents have amended study protocols to include some degree of telemedicine .
To that end, he sees sponsors potentially partnering with the home healthcare industry to facilitate different aspects of conducting a virtual trial. Sponsors may send nurses to patients’ homes when necessary, and team up with online recording software such as e-diaries, and consumer-facing medical devices such as Bluetooth-enabled stethoscopes. These devices and other home monitoring technologies would enable a patient to monitor and report his or her own vital signs.
Dr. Ausaf has helped forge a viable plan for his clinic, Auzmer Research, should these predictions come to fruition. He noted that his clinic has already been presented with two virtual trial opportunities.
On a macro scale, he believes that hospital networks with the means to do so will start buying independent research sites, which will mitigate the risks of using unknown or unverified sites. Sponsors have seen the negative effects of scrambling for doctors and clinics in the wake of COVID-19, and the experience is not one that sponsors would be willing to repeat.
It is clear that while the world of clinical research is evolving at a rapid pace, we must adopt innovative digital tools and collaborative platforms to be best positioned to meet these challenges and drive the best possible outcomes for patients.
To further your learning about the application of innovative technology in study start-up, please visit www.lineasystem.com.